Does conventional intra-aortic balloon pump trigger timing produce optimal hemodynamic effects in vivo?

Kolyva, Christina and Pantalos, George M. and Pepper, John R. and Khir, Ashraf W. (2015) Does conventional intra-aortic balloon pump trigger timing produce optimal hemodynamic effects in vivo? The International Journal of Artificial Organs, 38 (3). pp. 146-153. ISSN 0391-3988

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Abstract

Purpose
The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) provides circulatory support through counterpulsation. The hemodynamic effects of the IABP may vary with assisting frequency and depend on IAB inflation/deflation timing. We aimed to assess in vivo the IABP benefits on coronary, aortic, and left ventricular hemodynamics at different assistance frequencies and trigger timings.

Methods
Six healthy, anesthetized, open-chest sheep received IABP support at 5 timing modes (EC, LC, CC, CE, CL, corresponding to early/late/conventional/conventional/conventional inflation and conventional/conventional/conventional/early/late deflation, respectively) with frequency 1:3 and 1:1. Aortic (Qao) and coronary (Qcor) flow, and aortic (Pao) and left ventricular (PLV) pressure were recorded simultaneously, with and without IABP support. Integrating systolic Qao yielded stroke volume (SV).

Results
EC at 1:1 produced the lowest end-diastolic Pao (59.5 ± 7.8 mmHg [EC], 63.4 ± 11.1 mmHg [CC]), CC at 1:1 the lowest systolic PLV (69.1 ± 6.5 mmHg [CC], 76.4 ± 6.5 mmHg [control]), CC at 1:1 the highest SV (88.5 ± 34.4 ml [CC], 76.6 ± 31.9 ml [control]) and CC at 1:3 the highest diastolic Qcor (187.2 ± 25.0 ml/min [CC], 149.9 ± 16.6 ml/min [control]). Diastolic Pao augmentation was enhanced by both assistance frequencies alike, and optimal timings were EC for 1:3 (10.4 ± 2.8 mmHg [EC], 6.7 ± 3.8 mmHg [CC]) and CC for 1:1 (10.8 ± 6.7 mmHg [CC], −3.0 ± 3.8 mmHg [control]).

Conclusions
In our experiments, neither a single frequency nor a single inflation/deflation timing, including conventional IAB timing, has shown superiority by uniformly benefiting all studied hemodynamic parameters. A choice of optimal frequency and IAB timing might need to be made based on individual patient hemodynamic needs rather than as a generalized protocol.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 24085
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Christina Kolyva
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 14:56
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2018 04:42
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/24085

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