Hyperoxia results in increased aerobic metabolism following acute brain injury

Ghosh, Arnab and Highton, David and Kolyva, Christina and Tachtsidis, Ilias and Elwell, Clare E. and Smith, Martin (2017) Hyperoxia results in increased aerobic metabolism following acute brain injury. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 37 (8). pp. 2910-2920. ISSN 0271-678X

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Abstract

Acute brain injury is associated with depressed aerobic metabolism. Below a critical mitochondrial pO2 cytochrome c oxidase, the terminal electron acceptor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, fails to sustain oxidative phosphorylation. After acute brain injury, this ischaemic threshold might be shifted into apparently normal levels of tissue oxygenation. We investigated the oxygen dependency of aerobic metabolism in 16 acutely brain-injured patients using a 120-min normobaric hyperoxia challenge in the acute phase (24–72 h) post-injury and multimodal neuromonitoring, including transcranial Doppler ultrasound-measured cerebral blood flow velocity, cerebral microdialysis-derived lactate-pyruvate ratio (LPR), brain tissue pO2 (pbrO2), and tissue oxygenation index and cytochrome c oxidase oxidation state (oxCCO) measured using broadband spectroscopy. Increased inspired oxygen resulted in increased pbrO2 [ΔpbrO2 30.9 mmHg p < 0.001], reduced LPR [ΔLPR −3.07 p = 0.015], and increased cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) oxidation (Δ[oxCCO] + 0.32 µM p < 0.001) which persisted on return-to-baseline (Δ[oxCCO] + 0.22 µM, p < 0.01), accompanied by a 7.5% increase in estimated cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (p = 0.038). Our results are consistent with an improvement in cellular redox state, suggesting oxygen-limited metabolism above recognised ischaemic pbrO2 thresholds. Diffusion limitation or mitochondrial inhibition might explain these findings. Further investigation is warranted to establish optimal oxygenation to sustain aerobic metabolism after acute brain injury.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 24081
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Christina Kolyva
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2018 15:19
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2018 04:45
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/24081

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