Access to antenatal care and children’s cognitive development: a comparative analysis in Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam and India

Di Cesare, Mariachiara ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3934-3364 and Sabates, Ricardo (2013) Access to antenatal care and children’s cognitive development: a comparative analysis in Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam and India. International Journal of Public Health, 58 (3) . pp. 459-467. ISSN 1661-8556 (doi:10.1007/s00038-012-0418-1)

Abstract

Objectives
Early life interventions are considered essential for reducing the burden of health inequalities over the life course. This paper tests this issue empirically focusing on whether access to antenatal care can later reduce children’s health and educational inequalities.

Methods
Data came from the Young Lives Project for Ethiopia, Peru, Vietnam, and the State of Andhra Pradesh in India. We selected children born in early 2001/2002 and who were followed longitudinally in 2006/2007. We used multilevel mixed effects linear regression models to estimate the parameters of interest.

Results
We found a positive and significant relationship between mothers’ access to antenatal care and their children’s cognitive development in all countries. In addition, we found a positive and significant relationship between antenatal care and children’s cognitive development for stunted children but only in Peru and Vietnam.

Conclusions
We conclude that (1) antenatal care has the potential to change the negative consequences of early nutritional deficiencies on later cognitive development in Peru and Vietnam; (2) differentials in the quality of antenatal care services could explain the cross-country differentials in the role of early life interventions found here.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 24070
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Mariachiara Di Cesare
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 21:48
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2019 11:48
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/24070

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