The increase in bladder carcinoma cell population induced by the free beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin is a result of an anti-apoptotic effect and not cell proliferation

Butler, Stephen A. and Ikram, M. K. and Mathieu, S. and Iles, Ray K. (2000) The increase in bladder carcinoma cell population induced by the free beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin is a result of an anti-apoptotic effect and not cell proliferation. British journal of cancer, 82 (9). pp. 1553-1556. ISSN 0007-0920

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Abstract

Ectopic production of free beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) by bladder carcinoma is well described and occurs in approximately 35% of cases. hCG secreting tumours are more aggressive, radioresistant and have a greater propensity to metastasize. We proposed that the ectopic production of hCG was contributing in an autocrine fashion to the radioresistance and metastatic potential of such secreting tumours. Though we demonstrated that the addition of hCG to the culture media of bladder, cervical and endometrial carcinoma cell lines brought about an increase in cell populations this was not accompanied by a significant increase in the rate of replication. Since a cell population size is a balance of mitosis and mortality, we proposed that hCG was inhibiting apoptosis. Here we have demonstrated that following incubation with recombinant hCG, bladder carcinoma cells refrain from undergoing apoptosis. Quantitation of apoptotic bodies was carried out by immunoassay and corrected to cell number as determined by MTT assay. In each cell line, addition of hCG reduced the number of apoptotic bodies dose-dependently, indicating a diminished apoptotic rate. Furthermore, TGF1-induced apoptosis could be dose-dependently inhibited by co-incubation with hCG. We propose, therefore, that such a decline in apoptosis may account for the cell population increase previously reported. It may also explain the radioresistance and aggressive nature of hCG-secreting tumours and the poor prognosis associated therein. © 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
ID Code:2383
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Deposited On:20 May 2009 16:46
Last Modified:04 Feb 2014 08:16

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