The analysis of human amniotic fluid using capillary electrophoresis.

Stewart, Claire J. and Iles, Ray K. and Perrett, David (2001) The analysis of human amniotic fluid using capillary electrophoresis. Electrophoresis, 22 (6). pp. 1136-1142. ISSN 0173-0835

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This study has investigated the composition of amniotic fluid (AF) using capillary electrophoresis (CE). A detailed optimisation investigation was undertaken to obtain the best resolution of the major peaks in amniotic fluid. In the final method, capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) of AF was performed on a Hewlett Packard3D CE instrument using a fused-silica capillary of 44 cm total length (36 cm to the detector) with in internal diameter of 50 μm. The background electrolyte was 20 mM sodium tetraborate containing 0.8 mM EDTA adjusted to pH 9.0. AF was diluted 1 plus 1 with deionised water prior to hydrodynamic injection for 3 s at 50 mbar. The separation was performed at + 22.5 kV and resulted in a current of 65 μA. The capillary temperature was 28°C. Using this CZE method, some eight peaks were consistently resolved in AF samples and several other more transient peaks have been separated from AF in less than 10 min. A scheme for the identification of peaks once they had been separated was also developed. Four peaks have been identified as proteins, i.e., gamma-globulin, 1-antitrypsin, transferrin and albumin. Surprisingly, one major peak was shown to be the purine catabolite, xanthine.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:16
ID Code:2381
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Deposited On:20 May 2009 16:38
Last Modified:30 Sep 2015 15:03

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