Early warnings of heart rate deterioration

Gomes de Almeida, Vania and Nabney, Ian T. (2016) Early warnings of heart rate deterioration. In: 2016 IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 16-20 Aug 2016, Orlando, Florida.

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Abstract

Hospitals can experience difficulty in detecting and responding to early signs of patient deterioration leading to late intensive care referrals, excess mortality and morbidity, and increased hospital costs. Our study aims to explore potential indicators of physiological deterioration by the analysis of vital-signs. The dataset used comprises heart rate (HR) measurements from MIMIC II waveform database, taken from six patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and diagnosed with severe sepsis. Different indicators were considered: 1) generic early warning indicators used in ecosystems analysis (autocorrelation at-1-lag (ACF1), standard deviation (SD), skewness, kurtosis and heteroskedasticity) and 2) entropy analysis (kernel entropy and multi scale entropy). Our preliminary findings suggest that when a critical transition is approaching, the equilibrium state changes what is visible in the ACF1 and SD values, but also by the analysis of the entropy. Entropy allows to characterize the complexity of the time series during the hospital stay and can be used as an indicator of regime shifts in a patient's condition. One of the main problems is its dependency of the scale used. Our results demonstrate that different entropy scales should be used depending of the level of entropy verified.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 23735
Notes on copyright: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
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Depositing User: Vania Gomes De almeida
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2018 18:28
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2018 18:28
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/23735

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