Characteristics of populations of granulosa cells from individual follicles in women undergoing 'coasting' during controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF

Tozer, Amanda J. and Iles, Ray K. and Iammarrone, E. and Gillott, C. M. and Wen, Xuesong and Al-Shawaf, T. and Grudzinskas, J. G. (2004) Characteristics of populations of granulosa cells from individual follicles in women undergoing 'coasting' during controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF. Human reproduction, 19 (11). pp. 2561-2568. ISSN 0268-1161

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional characteristics of granulosa cell populations of individual follicles of women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for IVF/ICSI in whom gonadotrophin had been withheld (‘coasted’) for the prevention of OHSS. METHODS: Follicular fluid and granulosa cells were isolated from 224 individual follicles in 41 women who had been coasted and from 257 individual follicles in 50 women who had a ‘normal’ response to COS. Cells were cultured at 10 000 cells per well, to evaluate progesterone secretion. Follicular fluid was assayed for progesterone and estradiol (E2). RESULTS: No significant differences were observed between the two groups with respect to granulosa cell number or follicular fluid progesterone and E2 and follicle size, the retrieval of an oocyte and the subsequent fertilization of the oocyte. However, the granulosa cells derived from the coasted group showed a higher rate of progesterone secretion per cell at 72 h which was sustained for longer. Differences were also seen at 72 and 120 h of culture with a loss of correlation between progesterone secretion and follicle diameter in the coasted group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that coasting has an effect on the functional capacity of the granulosa cells and the duration of their function. It is likely that in women at risk of OHSS who are not coasted, the granulosa cells have the capacity to produce significantly more chemical mediators per cell and for a more prolonged period of time.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Citations on ISI Web of Science:2
ID Code:2372
Deposited On:20 May 2009 13:28
Last Modified:27 Jul 2014 02:55

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