Analysis and description of disease-specific quality of life in patients with anal fistula

Ferrer-Márquez, Manuel, Espínola-Cortés, Natalia, Reina-Duarte, Ángel, Granero-Molina, José, Fernández-Sola, Cayetano and Hernández-Padilla, José Manuel (2018) Analysis and description of disease-specific quality of life in patients with anal fistula. Cirugía Española, 96 (4). pp. 213-220. ISSN 0009-739X

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION:
In patients diagnosed with anal fistula, knowing the quality of life specifically related to the disease can help coloproctology specialists to choose the most appropriate therapeutic strategy for each case. The aim of our study is to analyzse and describe the factors related to the specific quality of life in a consecutive series of patients diagnosed with anal fistula.

METHODS:
Observational, cross-sectional study carried out from March 2015 to February 2017. All patients were assessed in the colorectal surgery unit of a hospital in southeast of Spain. After performing an initial anamnesis and a physical examination, patients diagnosed with anal fistula completed the Quality of Life in Ppatients with Anal Fistula Questionnaire (QoLAF-Q). This questionnaire specifically measures quality of life in people with anal fistula and its score range is the following: zero impact = 14 points, limited impact = 15 to 28 points, moderate impact = 29 to 42 points, high impact = 43 to 56 points, and very high impact = 57 to 70 points.

RESULTS:
A total of 80 patients were included. The median score obtained in the questionnaire for the sample studied was 34.00 (range=14-68). Statistically significant differences between patients with "primary anal fistula" (n=65) and "recurrent anal fistula" (n=15) were observed (mean rank=42.96 vs. mean rank=29.83, p=0.048). Furthermore, an inverse proportion (P=.016) between "time with clinical symptoms" and "impact on quality of life" was found (<6 months: mean rank = 45.55; 6-12 months: mean rank = 44.39; 1-2 years: mean rank = 37.83; 2-5 years: mean rank = 22; >5 years: mean rank = 19.00). There were no statistically significant differences (P=.149) between quality of life amongst patients diagnosed with complex (mean rank = 36.13) and simple fistulae (mean rank = 43.59).

CONCLUSIONS:
Anal fistulae exert moderate-high impact on patients' quality of life. "Shorter time experiencing clinical symptoms" and the "presence of primary fistula" are factors that can be associated with worse quality of life.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Spanish title: Análisis y descripción de la calidad de vida específica en pacientes con fístula anal. Full text in Spanish.
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 23651
Notes on copyright: © 2018. This author's accepted manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Jose Hernandez-Padilla
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2018 14:10
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2019 18:31
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/23651

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