Human granulosa-lutein cell in vitro production of progesterone, inhibin A, inhibin B, and activin A are dependent on follicular size and not the presence of the oocyte

Wen, Xuesong and Tozer, Amanda J. and Li, Dong and Docherty, Suzanne M. and Al-Shawaf, Talha and Iles, Ray K. (2008) Human granulosa-lutein cell in vitro production of progesterone, inhibin A, inhibin B, and activin A are dependent on follicular size and not the presence of the oocyte. Fertility and Sterility, 89 (5). pp. 1406-1413. ISSN 0015-0282

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Abstract

Objective:
To investigate inhibin A, inhibin B, activin A, and P production by cultured granulosa cells (GCs) and what relationship this hormone production has to fertility.

Design:
Luteinized GCs from individual follicles were cultured, and inhibin A, inhibin B, activin A, and P production were measured by ELISA at 24 and 72 hours.

Setting:
Research laboratory and university hospital.

Patient(s):
Fifteen women who undertook an IVF-ICSI program, yielding 58 follicles.

Intervention(s):
Individual follicular aspiration and preparation of GCs for culture.

Main Outcome Measure(s):
Inhibin A, inhibin B, activin A, and P production; oocyte retrieval; and fertility outcome.

Result(s):
Inhibin A, inhibin B, and P continued to be secreted by GCs in vitro, and activin A levels were detected only marginally in 56% of cultures. The rate of production also was dependent on the size of follicle from which the GCs originated but not on oocyte presence or ability to fertilize. Granulosa cell stimulation with hCG had no effect on inhibin A but increased P and decreased inhibin B production.

Conclusion(s):
A marked effect of luteal differentiation appears to be the inhibition of inhibin B production in response to hCG stimulation. Luteinized GC function, with respect to inhibins, activin A, and P production, was not influenced by the presence or absence of an oocyte and did not correlate with fertility outcome. However, follicle size did influence rates of local hormone production.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Supplement
Keywords (uncontrolled): Progesterone, inhibins, activin A, granulosa-lutein cells, follicular maturation
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biomarkers for Cancer group
Item ID: 2364
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Repository team
Date Deposited: 20 May 2009 08:57
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:14
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/2364

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