Knowledge spillovers and output per worker: an industry-level analysis for OECD countries

Bournakis, Ioannis ORCID:, Christopoulos, Dimitris and Mallick, Sushanta (2018) Knowledge spillovers and output per worker: an industry-level analysis for OECD countries. Economic Inquiry, 56 (2) . pp. 1028-1046. ISSN 0095-2583 (doi:10.1111/ecin.12458)

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This study analyzes the impact of knowledge spillovers on output per worker at the industry level using a primal production function approach. The article makes three different contributions to the international spillovers literature: (1) it identifies trade related spillovers under alternative assumptions regarding the information transferred through imports; (2) it explores the importance of horizontal and vertical foreign direct investment (FDI) in knowledge spillovers; and (3) it looks at how institutional factors determine the impact of FDI-related spillovers on productivity. The main findings of the study are: (1) international knowledge spillover is an important driver of industry output per worker, and the magnitude of this spillover effect varies with alternative assumptions about the information content embodied in imports, while high technology industries benefit significantly more from import-related knowledge spillovers; and (2) the gains from FDI spillovers are primarily horizontal, but when institutional factors are considered, countries with stronger protection of intellectual property rights and a high “ease of doing business” tend to experience a substantial increase in the effectiveness of both horizontal and vertical FDI-related spillovers

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
Item ID: 22254
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Bournakis, I., Christopoulos, D. and Mallick, S. (2017), Knowledge spillovers and output per worker: an industry-level analysis for oecd countries. Econ Inq. 56: 1028–1046. doi:10.1111/ecin.12458, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
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Depositing User: Ioannis Bournakis
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 15:43
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2020 05:36

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