Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder

Duffy, Linda Jane and Baluch, Bahman and Welland, Sarah and Raman, Evren (2017) Effects of physical activity on debilitating behaviours in 13- to 20-year-old males with severe autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 13 (3). pp. 340-347. ISSN 2288-176X

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Abstract

The presented study investigated the extent to which engaging in a therapeutic sporting programme in males with severe Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) improves the debilitating behaviours commonly associated with ASD. Furthermore, the views of parents of the autistic participants were assessed concerning the effectiveness of the programme. Participants were eight 13-20 year old males born in the UK from a school and sports college for pupils with severe learning difficulties. The selection was using volunteer sampling from the “Monday Club” initiative, run by Saracens Sports Foundation in partnership with a local School and specialist Sports College. The Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS-3) was administered to identify and measure the severity of ASD behaviours at four time periods namely: at programme entry as the baseline (T1), a second time after 8 weeks (T2), a third time after sixteen weeks (T3) and a fourth time post programme (T4). The results showed that for the more severe cases of ASD (Autism Index >101) there was no positive change in subscale performance from Time1 to Time2. For milder cases (Autism Index 71-100) there were subtle non-significant improvements on the subscale scores from Time1 to Time2. Of the 6 subscales at Time2, Emotional Responses (ER), Cognitive Style (CS) and Maladaptive Speech (MS) approached significance at the p = 0.05 level. At Time3 and Time4, there was also no statistically significant improvement in ASD behaviours compared to the baseline for either condition. Finally parents’ were “very satisfied” with their child’s participation in the physical activity programme.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 22188
Notes on copyright: Copyright © 2017 Korean Society of Exercise Rehabilitation This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Depositing User: Bahman Baluch
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2017 12:32
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 08:21
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/22188

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