Hip contact forces in asymptomatic total hip replacement patients differ from normal healthy individuals: implications for preclinical testing

Li, Junyan and Redmond, Anthony C. and Jin, Zhongmin and Fisher, John and Stone, Martin H. and Stewart, Todd D. (2014) Hip contact forces in asymptomatic total hip replacement patients differ from normal healthy individuals: implications for preclinical testing. Clinical Biomechanics, 29 (7). pp. 747-751. ISSN 0268-0033

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Abstract

BACKGROUND
Preclinical durability testing of hip replacement implants is standardised by ISO-14242-1 (2002) which is based on historical inverse dynamics analysis using data obtained from a small sample of normal healthy individuals. It has not been established whether loading cycles derived from normal healthy individuals are representative of loading cycles occurring in patients following total hip replacement.

METHODS
Hip joint kinematics and hip contact forces derived from multibody modelling of forces during normal walking were obtained for 15 asymptomatic total hip replacement patients and compared to 38 normal healthy individuals and to the ISO standard for pre-clinical testing.

FINDINGS
Hip kinematics in the total hip replacement patients were comparable to the ISO data and the hip contact force in the normal healthy group was also comparable to the ISO cycles. Hip contact forces derived from the asymptomatic total hip replacement patients were comparable for the first part of the stance period but exhibited 30% lower peak loads at toe-off.

INTERPRETATION
Although the ISO standard provides a representative kinematic cycle, the findings call into question whether the hip joint contact forces in the ISO standard are representative of those occurring in the joint following total hip replacement.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 21904
Notes on copyright: © 2014. This author accepted manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Junyan Li
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 15:39
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2018 17:07
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/21904

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