Emerging applications of nanotechnology for diagnosis and therapy of disease: a review

Bayford, Richard and Rademacher, Tom and Roitt, Ivan and Wang, Scarlet Xiaoyan (2017) Emerging applications of nanotechnology for diagnosis and therapy of disease: a review. Physiological Measurement, 38 (8). ISSN 0967-3334

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Abstract

Nanotechnology is of increasing interest in the fields of medicine and physiology over recent years. Its application could considerably improve disease detection and therapy, and although the potential is considerable, there are still many challenges, which need to be addressed before it is accepted in routine clinical use. This review focuses on emerging applications that nanotechnology could enhance or provide new approaches in diagnoses and therapy. The main focus of recent research centres on targeted therapies and enhancing imaging; however, the introduction of nanomaterial into the human body must be controlled, as there are many issues with possible toxicity and long-term effects. Despite these issues, the potential for nanotechnology to provide new methods of combating cancer and other disease conditions is considerable. There are still key challenges for researchers in this field, including the means of delivery and targetting in the body to provide effective treatment for specific disease conditions. Nanoparticles are difficult to measure due to the size and physical properties; hence there is still a great need to improve physiological measurements method in the field to ascertain how effective their use is in the human subject. This review is a brief snapshot into the fast changing research field of measurement and physiological links to nanoparticle use and its potential in the future.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 21772
Notes on copyright: This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article accepted for publication/published in Physiological Measurement. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6579/aa7182
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Depositing User: Richard Bayford
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 15:38
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2018 21:29
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/21772

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