Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing

Turner, Anthony N. and Kilduff, Liam P. and Mrashall, Geoff and Phillips, James and Noto, Angelo and Buttigeig, Conor and Gondek, Marcela B. and Hills, Frank and Dimitriou, Lygeri (2017) Competition intensity and fatigue in elite fencing. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31 (11). pp. 3128-3136. ISSN 1064-8011

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Abstract

As yet, no studies have characterised fencing competitions. This was investigated in nine elite male foilists across two competitions, where countermovement jump (CMJ) height, testosterone (T), cortisol (C), alpha-amylase (AA) and immunoglobulin A (IgA), were obtained. Heart rate (HR) was measured throughout competitions and blood lactate (BL) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured post bouts. Average (± SD) scores for RPE, BL and HR (average, max and percentage of time ≥ 80% HRmax) were highest in the knockout bouts compared to poules (8.5 ± 1.3 vs. 5.7 ± 1.3, 3.6 ± 1.0 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4 mmol/L, 171 ± 5 vs. 168 ± 8 bpm, 195 ± 7 vs. 192 ± 7 bpm, 74 vs. 68%) however, only significant (p < .05) for RPE. CMJ height, albeit non-significantly (p > .05), increased throughout competition and dropped thereafter. While responses of C, AA and IgA showed a tendency to increase during competition and drop thereafter (T and T:C doing the opposite), no significant differences were noted for any analyte. Results suggest that fencing is a high-intensity anaerobic sport, relying on alactic energy sources, however, some bouts evoke BL values of ≥ 4 mmol/L and thus derive energy from anaerobic glycolysis. High HR’s appear possible on account of ample within and between-bout rest. The small competition load associated with fencing competitions may explain the non-significant findings found.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 21487
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Turner, A.N. et al., 2017. Competition Intensity and Fatigue in Elite Fencing. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(11), pp.3128–3136. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000001758.
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Depositing User: Frank Hills
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 16:44
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2018 04:50
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/21487

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