Intraspecific genetic variation in complex assemblages from mitochondrial metagenomics: comparison with DNA barcodes

Gómez-Rodríguez, Carola and Timmermans, Martijn J. T. N. and Crampton-Platt, Alex and Vogler, Alfried P. (2017) Intraspecific genetic variation in complex assemblages from mitochondrial metagenomics: comparison with DNA barcodes. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 8 (2). pp. 248-256. ISSN 2041-210X

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Abstract

Metagenomic shotgun sequencing, using Illumina technology, and de novo genome assembly of mixed field-collected amples of invertebrates readily produce mitochondrial genome sequences, allowing rapid identification and quantification of species diversity. However, intraspecific genetic variability present in the specimen pools is lost during mitogenome assembly, which limits the utility of ‘mitochondrial metagenomics’ for studies of population diversity.
2. Using 10 natural communities (>2600 individuals) of leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae), DNA variation in the mitochondrial cox1-5’ ‘barcode’ was compared for Sanger sequenced individuals and Illumina shotgun sequenced specimen pools.
3. Generally, only a single mitochondrial contig was assembled per species, even in the presence of intraspecific variation. Ignoring ambiguity from the use of two different assemblers, the cox1 barcode regions from these assemblies were exact nucleotide matches of a Sanger sequenced barcode in 90.7% of cases, which dropped to 76.0% in assemblies from samples with large intra and interspecific variability. Nucleotide differences between barcodes from both data types were almost exclusively in synonymous 3rd codon position, although the number of affected sites was very low, and the greatest discrepancies were correlated with poor quality of Sanger sequences.
4. Unassembled shotgun reads were also used to score single nucleotide polymorphisms and to calculate intraspecific nucleotide diversity (pi) for all available populations at each site. These values correlated with Sanger sequenced cox1 variation but were significantly higher.
5. Overall, the assemblage-focused shotgun sequencing of pooled samples produced nucleotide variation data comparable to the well-established specimen-focused Sanger approach. The findings thus extend the application of mitochondrial metagenomics of complex biodiversity samples to the estimation of diversity below the species level.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted manuscript online: 11 October 2016. Version of record online: 17 November 2016
Keywords (uncontrolled): Mitochondrial metagenomics, mito-metagenomics, genome skimming, Chrysomelidae, intraspecific variability, population genetics, DNA barcodes
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 20739
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gómez-Rodríguez, C., Timmermans, M. J. T. N., Crampton-Platt, A. and Vogler, A. P. (2017), Intraspecific genetic variation in complex assemblages from mitochondrial metagenomics: comparison with DNA barcodes. Methods Ecol Evol, 8: 248–256. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12667, which has been published in final form athttp://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12667. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."
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Depositing User: Martijn Timmermans
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2016 10:19
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2017 04:04
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/20739

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