A century of trends in adult human height

Bentham, James and Di Cesare, Mariachiara and Stevens, Gretchen A. and Zhou, Bin and Bixby, Honor and Cowan, Melanie and Fortunato, Lea and Bennett, James E. and Danaei, Goodarz and Hajifathalian, Kaveh and Lu, Yuan and Riley, Leanne M. and Laxmaiah, Avula and Kontis, Vasillis and Paciorek, Christopher J. and Riboli, Elio and Ezzati, Majid and NCD Risk Factor Collaboration, (NCD-RisC) (2016) A century of trends in adult human height. eLife, 5 . ISSN 2050-084X

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Abstract

Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean
women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5–22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3–19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8–
144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article number = e13410. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 20108
Notes on copyright: Copyright NCD Risk Factor Collaboration. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
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Depositing User: Mariachiara Di Cesare
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2016 16:07
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2018 15:30
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/20108

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