Developing a model of distributed sensemaking: a case study of military analysis

Wheat, Ashley and Attfield, Simon and Fields, Bob (2016) Developing a model of distributed sensemaking: a case study of military analysis. Informatics, 3 (1). ISSN 2227-9709

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Abstract

In this paper, we examine the role of representational artefacts in sensemaking. Embodied within representational media, such as maps, charts and lists, are a number of affordances, which can furnish sensemakers with the ability to perform tasks that may be difficult to do inside the head. Presented here is a study of sensemaking in action. We conducted a study of military intelligence analysts carrying out a training exercise, the analysis of which focuses on the use of external task-specific representations. We present a discussion of the findings of our study in the form of a model of distributed sensemaking. Our model concentrates on the interaction of information and various representational artefacts, leading to the generation of insights and a situation picture. We also introduce a number of levels of description for examining the properties and affordances offered by representational artefacts and their role in the sensemaking process.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
Item ID: 19812
Notes on copyright: Published article version: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons by Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Depositing User: Bob Fields
Date Deposited: 10 May 2016 10:21
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2018 12:58
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/19812

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