The perception of same gender coaches by Iranian skaters and its influence on sport achievement motivation and commitment

Homayoni Izad, Negar and Badami, Rokhsareh and Baluch, Bahman and Duffy, Linda Jane (2016) The perception of same gender coaches by Iranian skaters and its influence on sport achievement motivation and commitment. International Journal of Science Culture and Sport, 4 (1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 2148-1148

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Abstract

Aim: To examine the relationship between the perception of same gender coaches by male and female Iranian skaters and their sport achievement motivation and commitment. Participants: Fifty two female and forty two male skaters, age range 13 to 18 years, from the province of Isfahan in Iran. Materials: The following 3 questionnaires, tested for reliability and validity for the Iranian population and adapted for Farsi, were used: i) Pelletier, Fortier, Vallerand and Briere (2001) Interpersonal Behaviour Scale to measure social support of trainers, ii) Gill and Deeter (1988) Sport Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ) to measure achievement motivation, and iii) Scanlan, Simons, Carpenter, Schmidt and Keeler (1993) Sport Commitment Model to measure sport commitment. Procedure: The questionnaires were administered to participants in person by the first author after training sessions in sport stadiums. Results: There was a significant positive correlation between perceived coaches' social support and sport achievement motivation and commitment for both male and female participants. However, on all of the above measures females scored significantly more positive ratings than their male counterparts. Results of regression analyses conducted separately for males and females showed that relatedness support is the strongest predictor for sport achievement motivation and commitment for males, whereas autonomy support was the strongest predictor for sport commitment amongst females. Implications: These findings are of particular interest in understanding the impact of perceived coaching support for young male and female athletes, especially if coached exclusively by the same gender.
Keywords: Same gender, coaches social support, achievement motivation, sport commitment, skating.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Issue 15
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 19670
Notes on copyright: Copyright©IntJSCS (www.iscsjournal.com). The journal is based on open access policy.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Linda Duffy
Date Deposited: 03 May 2016 10:13
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2018 18:30
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/19670

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