Determinants of club head speed in PGA professional golfers

Lewis, Adam and Ward, Nick and Bishop, Chris and Maloney, Sean and Turner, Anthony N. (2016) Determinants of club head speed in PGA professional golfers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (6). pp. 2266-2270. ISSN 1064-8011

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Abstract

Club head speed (CHS) has been significantly correlated to golf performance, but only in amateurs. The purpose of this study therefore, was to investigate the relationship between field-based measures of strength and power with CHS in PGA professional golfers, and further, determine differences between age groups. A correlation design was used to test relationships between squat jump (SJ), seated medicine ball throw (SMBT), rotational medicine ball throw (RMBT) and CHS. Twenty participants volunteered to take part in the study (age: 31.95 +/- 8.7 years, height: 182.75 +/- 6.88cm, mass: 90.47 +/- 15.6kg). Intraclass correlation coefficients reported high reliability for performance variables (r = 0.85-0.95). Significant correlations (p < 0.01) were found between CHS and SJ (r = 0.817) and SMBT (r = 0.706), but not RMBT (r = 0.572). A stepwise linear regression analysis identified that SJ and SMBT explained 74% of the variance in CHS. When dividing the sample based on age, professionals < 30 (n = 10; 25.6 +/- 2.9 years) displayed significantly (p < 0.05) higher CHS and SJ height compared to professionals of > 30 (n = 10; 39.7 +/- 5.5 years). Correlations to CHS for < 30 were significant for SJ (r = 0.801) and SMBT (r = 0.643), but non-significant for RMBT. Those > 30 also had significant correlations to CHS in SMBT (r = 0.881) and SJ (r = 0.729), but also in RMBT (r = 0.642). The results of this study suggest that SJ and SMBT have the largest contribution to CHS in PGA professional golfers. When comparing age groups, it appears that younger golfers (< 30 years) utilise more leg strength while older golfers (> 30 years) utilise more upper body strength. Results suggest that strength based leg exercises and power based chest exercises may improve CHS in professional golfers.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 19179
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Lewis, Adam L., Nick Ward, Chris Bishop, Sean Maloney, and Anthony N. Turner. “Determinants of Club Head Speed in PGA Professional Golfers.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 30, no. 8 (August 2016): 2266–2270. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000001362.
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Depositing User: Anthony Turner
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 11:04
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 08:25
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/19179

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