Physical characteristics underpinning lunging and change of direction speed in fencing

Turner, Anthony N., Bishop, Chris, Chavda, Shyam, Edwards, Michael, Brazier, Jon and Kilduff, Liam P. (2016) Physical characteristics underpinning lunging and change of direction speed in fencing. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 30 (8). pp. 2235-2241. ISSN 1064-8011

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Abstract

Lunge velocity (LV) and change of direction speed (CODS) are considered fundamental to success during fencing competitions; investigating the physical characteristics that underpin these is the aim of this study. Seventy fencers from the British Fencing National Academy took part and on average (± SD) were 16.83 ± 1.72 years of age, 178.13 ± 8.91 cm tall, 68.20 ± 9.64 kg in mass and had 6.25 ± 2.23 years fencing experience. The relationship between anthropometric characteristics (height, arm-spam and adductor flexibility) and measures of lower-body power (bilateral and unilateral countermovement jump height and reactive strength index) were examined in their ability to influence LV and CODS. In testing the former, fencers lunged (over a self-selected distance) to and from a force plate, where front leg impact and rear leg propulsive force was quantified; the lunging distance was
divided by time to establish LV. CODS was measured over 12 m involving shuttles of between 2 and 4 m. Results revealed that LV and CODS averaged at 3.35 m/s and 5.45 s respectively and in both cases, standing broad jump was the strongest predictor
(r = 0.51 and -0.65 respectively) of performance. Rear leg drive and front leg impact force averaged at 14.61 N/kg and 3-times bodyweight respectively, with single leg jumps revealing an asymmetry favoring the front leg of 9%. In conclusion, fencers
should train lower-body power emphasizing horizontal displacement, noting that this seems to offset any advantage one would expect fencers of a taller stature to have. Also, the commonly reported asymmetry between legs is apparent from adolescence and thus also requires some attention.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > London Sport Institute > Strength and Conditioning at the London Sport Institute
Item ID: 19177
Notes on copyright: This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Turner, Anthony, Chris Bishop, Shyam Chavda, Mike Edwards, Jon Brazier, and Liam P. Kilduff. “Physical Characteristics Underpinning Lunging and Change of Direction Speed in Fencing.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 30, no. 8 (August 2016): 2235–2241. doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000001320.
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Depositing User: Anthony Turner
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2016 10:55
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 16:50
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/19177

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