Predicting interference between work and home: a comparison of dispositional and situational antecedents

Beauregard, T. Alexandra (2006) Predicting interference between work and home: a comparison of dispositional and situational antecedents. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21 (3). pp. 244-264. ISSN 0268-3946 (doi:10.1108/02683940610659588)

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Purpose - To examine the relative power of four dispositional, self-evaluation traits (adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism, generalized self-efficacy, and general self-esteem) versus three situational factors (organizational time demands, potential negative career consequences, and managerial support) in predicting work interference with home (WIH) and home interference with work (HIW).

Methodology/Approach - A survey was conducted among 223 UK public sector employees. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis tested main effects of personality and situational characteristics on WIH and HIW. A usefulness analysis determined whether dispositional or situational variables had greater predictive power for the two dependent variables.

Findings - Significant, negative main effects of adaptive perfectionism on HIW, and of self-esteem on WIH. Positive relationships were found between maladaptive perfectionism and both WIH and HIW. Situational factors were also significant predictors of WHI: organizational time demands were positively associated with WIH, while managerial support had a negative relationship with WIH. Dispositional variables accounted for 15% of variance in HIW, but only 4% of variance in WIH.

Research limitations/implications - The cross-sectional design of the study does not permit firm conclusions regarding causality, and the results may be influenced by common method bias.

Practical implications - Raising awareness of the role of personality in work-home interference may assist managers in providing more effective support to employees. The danger exists that policy-makers will dismiss HIW as an individual responsibility due to the influence of dispositional factors.

Originality/Value - This study indicates that self-evaluation personality characteristics play a key role in predicting HIW, and are more important than traditionally investigated factors associated with the home and workplace environments.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Work-home interference, Personality, Perfectionism, Self-esteem, Self-efficacy, Work-family culture, Work-life conflict, Work-family conflict
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Leadership, Work and Organisations
Item ID: 19122
Depositing User: Alexandra Beauregard
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2016 13:19
Last Modified: 31 May 2019 10:59

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