A proposed typology of online hate crime

Jacks, William and Adler, Joanna R. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2973-8503 (2015) A proposed typology of online hate crime. Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology, 7 . pp. 64-89. ISSN 1948-5115

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Abstract

Hate offenders and those convicted of ‘radical’ or ‘extremist’ terror-related offences have a well-established presence online, and hate incidents which occur in the real world are increasingly being linked to online ‘virtual’ activities (INCAH, 2010). Building on psychological research and theory, in particular McDevitt, Levin, and Bennett (2002), and Gerstenfeld, Grant, and Chang (2003), this study has developed an original typology of online hate offending, dividing it into four distinct types of user: Browsers, Commentators, Activists, and Leaders. In a partial test of this typology, an online search was conducted for hate incidents relating to a single London borough over seven months. The search uncovered a wide variety of online incidents. Content and thematic analysis supported the division of the typology into four distinct superordinate themes. Amendments to the typology and recommendations are then discussed.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Forensic Psychology Research Group
Item ID: 18930
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Joanna Adler
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2016 10:38
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2019 10:45
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/18930

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