Differential regulation of grain sucrose accumulation and metabolism in Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) revealed through gene expression and enzyme activity analysis

Privat, Isabelle, Foucrier, Séverine, Prins, Anneke, Epalle, Thibaut, Eychenne, Magali, Kandalaft, Laurianne, Caillet, Victoria, Lin, Chenwei, Tanksley, Steve, Foyer, Christine and Mccarthy, James (2008) Differential regulation of grain sucrose accumulation and metabolism in Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) revealed through gene expression and enzyme activity analysis. New Phytologist, 178 (4). pp. 781-797. ISSN 0028-646X (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02425.x)

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Abstract

Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) are the two main cultivated species used for coffee bean production. Arabica genotypes generally produce a higher coffee quality than Robusta genotypes. Understanding the genetic basis for sucrose accumulation during coffee grain maturation is an important goal because sucrose is an important coffee flavor precursor.
Nine new Coffea genes encoding sucrose metabolism enzymes have been identified: sucrose phosphate synthase (CcSPS1, CcSPS2), sucrose phosphate phosphatase (CcSP1), cytoplasmic (CaInv3) and cell wall (CcInv4) invertases and four invertase inhibitors (CcInvI1, 2, 3, 4).
Activities and mRNA abundance of the sucrose metabolism enzymes were compared at different developmental stages in Arabica and Robusta grains, characterized by different sucrose contents in mature grain.
It is concluded that Robusta accumulates less sucrose than Arabica for two reasons: Robusta has higher sucrose synthase and acid invertase activities early in grain development – the expression of CcSS1 and CcInv2 appears to be crucial at this stage and Robusta has a lower SPS activity and low CcSPS1 expression at the final stages of grain development and hence has less capacity for sucrose re-synthesis. Regulation of vacuolar invertase CcInv2 activity by invertase inhibitors CcInvI2 and/or CcInvI3 during Arabica grain development is considered.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: First published online: 31 March 2008
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology
Item ID: 18828
Depositing User: Anneke Prins
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2016 11:10
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:38
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/18828

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