Tests of pattern separation and pattern completion in humans - a systematic review

Liu, Kathy Y., Gould, Rebecca L., Coulson, Mark, Ward, Emma V. and Howard, Robert J. (2016) Tests of pattern separation and pattern completion in humans - a systematic review. Hippocampus, 26 (6). pp. 705-717. ISSN 1050-9631

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
To systematically review the characteristics, validity and outcome measures of tasks that have been described in the literature as assessing pattern separation and pattern completion in humans.

METHODS:
Electronic databases were searched for articles. Parameters for task validity were obtained from two reviews that described optimal task design factors to evaluate pattern separation and pattern completion processes. These were that pattern separation should be tested during an encoding task using abstract, never-before-seen visual stimuli, and pattern completion during a retrieval task using partial cues; parametric alteration of the degree of interference of stimuli or degradation of cues should be used to generate a corresponding gradient in behavioral output; studies should explicitly identify the specific memory domain under investigation (sensory/perceptual, temporal, spatial, affect, response, or language) and account for the contribution of other potential attributes involved in performance of the task. A systematic, qualitative assessment of validity in relation to these parameters was performed, along with a review of general validity and task outcome measures.

RESULTS:
Sixty-two studies were included. The majority of studies investigated pattern separation and most tasks were performed on young, healthy adults. Pattern separation and pattern completion were most frequently tested during a retrieval task using familiar or recognizable visual stimuli and cues. Not all studies parametrically altered the degree of stimulus interference or cue degradation, or controlled for potential confounding factors.

CONCLUSION:
This review found evidence that some of the parameters for task validity have been followed in some human studies of pattern separation and pattern completion, but no study was judged to have adequately met all the parameters for task validity. The contribution of these parameters and other task design factors towards an optimal behavioral paradigm is discussed and recommendations for future research are made. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article first published online: 11 Jan 2016
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 18611
Notes on copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Liu, K. Y., Gould, R. L., Coulson, M. C., Ward, E. V. and Howard, R. J. (2016), Tests of pattern separation and pattern completion in humans - A systematic review. Hippocampus. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22561, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22561. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving: http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-820227.html#terms.
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Emma Ward
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2016 17:26
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 18:55
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/18611

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