Developing culturally competent researchers

Papadopoulos, Irena and Lees, Shelley (2002) Developing culturally competent researchers. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 37 (3). pp. 258-264. ISSN 1365-2648

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1189525...

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Abstract

Background Whilst we live in multi-cultural societies most health researchers tend to take the cultural perspective of the majority ethnic group at the expense of the perspective of minority ethnic groups. Aim This paper discusses the need for the development of culturally competent health researchers in all areas of research and proposes a model for the achievement of this. Design A snapshot review of research textbooks used in nursing curricula was conducted to identify whether culturally competent research was being promoted. Results The review found that whilst a few textbooks touched on ethnicity, race and culture, none of them addressed the issue of culturally competence. Subsequently the authors adapted their existing model of culturally competent health care practice, and in this paper they propose it as a model for the development of culturally competent researchers. Discussion The model put forward by the authors consists of four concepts: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural sensitivity and cultural competence. A culturally competent researcher is one who is able to apply the related skills and knowledge in project design, data collection, analysis, report writing and dissemination. Furthermore, the authors identify two layers of cultural competence, those of culture-generic (knowledge and skills that are applicable across ethnic groups) and culture-specific competence (knowledge and skills that relate to a particular ethnic group). The relationship between these two layers is a dynamic and spiralling process as illustrated by the model. Conclusion Current health policy in many developed countries focuses on inequalities of health and managing diversity, including ethnicity. Thus the authors conclude that the development of culturally competent researchers will lead to both valid research and culturally competent practice by health care professionals.

Item Type:Article
Keywords (uncontrolled):Culture, cultural, competence, awareness, sensitivity, knowledge, ethnicity, multi-ethnic, back translation, conceptual equivalence, diversity, essentialism, research.
Research Areas:School of Health and Education > Mental Health, Social Work and Interprofessional Learning
ID Code:18
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Deposited On:06 Oct 2008 16:37
Last Modified:13 Oct 2014 15:31

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