Assessment of antral grinding of a model solid meal using echo-planar imaging

Fillery-Travis, Annette and Marciani, L. and Gowland, P. and Manoj, P. and Wright, J. and Smith, A. and Young, P. and Spiller, R. C. (2001) Assessment of antral grinding of a model solid meal using echo-planar imaging. American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 280 (5). pp. 844-849. ISSN 0193-1857

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Abstract

Mathematical modeling of how physical factors alter gastric emptying is limited by lack of precise measures of the forces exerted on gastric contents. We have produced agar gel beads (diameter 1.27 cm) with a range of fracture strengths (0.15–0.90 N) and assessed their breakdown by measuring their half-residence time (RT1/2) using magnetic resonance imaging. Beads were ingested either with a high (HV)- or low (LV)-viscosity liquid nutrient meal. With the LV meal, RT1/2 was similar for bead strengths ranging from 0.15 to 0.65 N but increased from 22 ± 2 min (bead strength <0.65 N) to 65 ± 12 min for bead strengths >0.65 N. With the HV meal, emptying of the harder beads was accelerated. The sense of fullness after ingesting the LV meal correlated linearly (correlation coefficient = 0.99) with gastric volume and was independently increased by the harder beads, which were associated with an increased antral diameter. We conclude that the maximum force exerted by the gastric antrum is close to 0.65 N and that gastric sieving is impaired by HV meals.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Work and Learning Research Centre
Item ID: 17760
Depositing User: Paul Stapleton
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 09:40
Last Modified: 09 May 2017 11:01
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/17760

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