Uncemented total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric derotational osteotomy for severe femoral anteversion

Zadeh, Hamid G., Hua, Jia, Walker, Peter S. and Muirhead-Allwood, Sarah K. (1999) Uncemented total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric derotational osteotomy for severe femoral anteversion. The Journal of Arthroplasty, 14 (6). pp. 682-688. ISSN 0883-5403

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Abstract

Total hip joint arthroplasty (THA) in the presence of severe femoral anteversion (>50 degrees) is technically demanding. This problem is often encountered in patients with osteoarthritis secondary to hip joint dysplasia or congenital dislocation. We describe a method of THA in which an uncemented femoral prosthesis is used in conjunction with subtrochanteric derotational osteotomy. This technique allows the restoration of the normal proximal femoral anatomy, including the abductor muscle lever arm without resorting to greater trochanteric transfer. Correction of the excessive femoral anteversion avoids the tendency for postoperative anterior instability. The osteotomy site may also serve as the site for femoral shortening or angular correction when required, which preserves the normal femoral flare. The prostheses used were custom CAD/CAM (computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturer) in design and had the following features: a close intramedullary proximal fit, with collar, lateral flare, and hydroxyapatite coating to achieve early proximal fixation, and longitudinally cutting fluted stem to provide immediate rotational stability across the osteotomy site. Although we used CAD/CAM custom prostheses, off-the-shelf uncemented hip prostheses with similar design features have become available. We report on 7 patients who underwent THA using this technique. The average patient age was 49 years (range, 34-61 years) with a mean follow-up period of 31 months (range, 16-60 months). To date, all cases have had a satisfactory outcome with evidence of union at the osteotomy site. Harris hip scores improved from an average of 44 preoperatively to 91 by the end of follow-up period. One case was complicated by delayed union at the osteotomy site, which was successfully corrected with bone grafting and temporary plate stabilization.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 16596
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Jia Hua
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 14:19
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 16:58
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/16596

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