Enhanced wear and corrosion in modular tapers in total hip replacement is associated with the contact area and surface topography

Panagiotidou, Anna, Meswania, Jay, Hua, Jia, Muirhead-Allwood, Sarah, Hart, Alister and Blunn, Gordon (2013) Enhanced wear and corrosion in modular tapers in total hip replacement is associated with the contact area and surface topography. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 31 (12). pp. 2032-2039. ISSN 0736-0266

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Abstract

Widespread concern exists about adverse tissue reactions after metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip replacement (THR). Concerns have also been expressed with wear and corrosion of taper junctions in THR. We report the effect of surface finish and contact area associated with a single combination of materials of modular tapers. In an in vitro test, we investigated the head/neck (CoCrMo/Ti) interface of modular THRs using commercially available heads. Wear and corrosion of taper surfaces was compared following a 10 million loading cycle. Surface parameters and profiles were measured before and after testing. Electrochemical static and dynamic corrosion tests were performed under loaded and non-loaded conditions. After the load test, the surface roughness parameters on the head taper were significantly increased where the head/neck contact area was reduced. Similarly, the surface roughness parameters on the head taper were significantly increased where rough neck tapers were used. Corrosion testing showed breaching of the passive film on the rough but not the smooth neck tapers. Thus, surface area and surface finish are important factors in wear and corrosion at modular interfaces.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biophysics and Bioengineering group
Item ID: 16429
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Jia Hua
Date Deposited: 28 May 2015 13:46
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2018 11:48
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/16429

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