Metagenome skimming of insect specimen pools: potential for comparative genomics

Linard, Benjamin, Crampton-Platt, Alex, Gillett, Conrad P. D. T., Timmermans, Martijn J. T. N. and Vogler, Alfried P. (2015) Metagenome skimming of insect specimen pools: potential for comparative genomics. Genome Biology and Evolution . ISSN 1759-6653

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Abstract

Metagenomic analyses are challenging in metazoans, but high-copy number and repeat regions can be assembled from lowcoverage
sequencing by “genome skimming,” which is applied here as a new way of characterizing metagenomes obtained in an ecological or taxonomic context. Illumina shotgun sequencing on two pools of Coleoptera (beetles) of approximately 200 species each were assembled into tens of thousands of scaffolds. Repeated low-coverage sequencing recovered similar scaffold sets consistently, although approximately 70% of scaffolds could not be identified against existing genome databases. Identifiable scaffolds included mitochondrial DNA, conserved sequences with hits to expressed sequence tag and protein databases, and knownrepeatelementsof high and low complexity, includingnumerous copies ofrRNAandhistone genes.Assemblies of histones captured a diversity of gene order and primary sequence in Coleoptera. Scaffolds with similarity to multiple sites in available coleopteran genome sequences for Dendroctonus and Tribolium revealed high specificity of scaffolds to either of these genomes,
in particular for high-copy number repeats. Numerous “clusters” of scaffolds mapped to the same genomic site revealed intraand/or intergenomic variation within a metagenome pool. In addition to effect of taxonomic composition of the metagenomes, the number of mapped scaffolds also revealed structural differences between the two reference genomes, although the significance of this striking finding remains unclear. Finally, apparently exogenous sequences were recovered, including potential food plants, fungal pathogens, and bacterial symbionts. The “metagenome skimming” approach is useful for capturing the genomic diversity of poorly studied, species-rich lineages and opens new prospects in environmental genomics

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 16288
Notes on copyright: This is a RoMEO green journal - author can archive publisher's version/PDF
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Depositing User: Martijn Timmermans
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2015 11:34
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2019 05:06
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/16288

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