Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential

Purchase, Diane (2016) Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential. In: The Handbook of Microbial Bioresources. Gupta, Vijai K., Sharma, Gauri D., Tuohy, Maria G. and Gaur, Rajeeva, eds. CAB International Publishing, Wallingford, UK, pp. 634-674. ISBN 9781780645216

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Abstract

Keratinases are a group of proteolytic enzymes that can catalyse the cleavage and hydrolysis of the highly stable and fibrous proteins: keratins. A diverse range of microorganisms, including fungi, actinomycetes and bacteria, have been reported to produce keratinases that have biotechnological applications and potential. These keratinases have been usefully applied in agricultural, pharmaceutical, leather and textile processes as well as within environmentally friendly waste management solutions. Potential uses of keratinases include the fields of biomedicine, cosmetics, biological control and the generation of green energy. Herein we aim to provide an overview of the properties of this group of versatile enzymes, including the mechanisms of keratin degradation. The diversity of microbial sources of keratinases is discussed and the optimisation of keratianse production examined. We conclude with an assessment of the established biotechnological applications of keratinases in different industries and current research that highlights other promising potential uses.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords (uncontrolled): keratinases, biotechnological applications
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 16089
Notes on copyright: Permission granted on 14/04/16, by the CABI (www.cabi.org/) to make the full text of the author's accepted manuscript version of the chapter "Purchase, Diane (2016) Microbial keratinases: characteristics, biotechnological applications and potential. In: The Handbook of Microbial Bioresources. Gupta, Vijai K. and Sharma, Gauri D. and Tuohy, Maria G. and Gaur, Rajeeva, eds. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. ISBN 9781780645216" available in this repository at http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/16089. The final published version is available via CABI at http://www.cabi.org/bookshop/book/9781780645216
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Depositing User: Diane Purchase
Date Deposited: 19 May 2015 09:56
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2019 09:48
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/16089

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