Black microcolonial fungi as deteriogens of two famous marble statues in Florence, Italy

Marvasi, Massimiliano and Donnarumma, F. and Frandi, A. and Mastromei, G. and Sterflinger, K. and Tiano, P. and Perito, B. (2012) Black microcolonial fungi as deteriogens of two famous marble statues in Florence, Italy. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 68 (0, Jou). pp. 36-44. ISSN 0964-8305

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Abstract

Blackened areas on outdoor marble statues are a significant esthetic problem due to the presence of deteriorating agents. Microcolonial black fungi, which have their natural ecological niche on rocks, play an important role in deterioration of stones used in monuments, such as marble and limestone. Black fungi were isolated from two very valuable statues exposed to the outdoor environment in Florence, Italy, the "Ratto delle Sabineâ" and the "Copia del David", and these fungi were demonstrated to be responsible for the blackening areas on the statues. The black strains showed many features common to members of rock-inhabitants dematiaceous fungi. Morphological and molecular characterization, including phylogenetic analysis, indicated that the strains isolated from both statues and in different times belong to the same species and can be assigned to the rock-inhabitant genera Sarcinomyces and Phaeococcomyces. Red yeasts growing in close proximity to the black ones, with no visible effect on the statues, were also characterized on the morphological and molecular level and identified as Sporobolomyces yunnanensis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Black MCF, Rock-inhabiting fungi, Marble, Biodeterioration, ITS rDNA, AFLP
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 15768
Depositing User: Massimiliano Marvasi
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 11:50
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2018 16:31
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15768

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