Physiological requirements for carbonate precipitation during biofilm development of Bacillus subtilis etfA mutant

Marvasi, Massimiliano, Visscher, P. T., Perito, B., Mastromei, G. and Casillas-Martinez, L. (2010) Physiological requirements for carbonate precipitation during biofilm development of Bacillus subtilis etfA mutant. FEMS microbiology ecology, 71 (3, Jou). pp. 341-350. ISSN 1574-6941; 0168-6496

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Abstract

Although the implications of calcium carbonate (CaCO(3)) precipitation by microorganisms in natural environments are quite relevant, the physiology and genetics of this phenomenon are poorly understood. We have chosen Bacillus subtilis 168 as our model to study which physiological aspects are associated with CaCO(3) (calcite) formation during biofilm development when grown on precipitation medium. A B. subtilis eftA mutant named FBC5 impaired in calcite precipitation was used for comparative studies. Our results demonstrate that inactivation of etfA causes a decrease in the pH of the precipitation medium during biofilm development. Further analysis demonstrated that eftA extrudes an excess of 0.7 mol H(+) L(-1) with respect to B. subtilis 168 strain. Using media buffered at different pH values, we were able to control calcite formation. Because etfA encodes the alpha-subunit of a putative flavoprotein involved in fatty acid metabolism, we compared the intracellular levels of NADH among strains. Our physiological assay showed that FBC5 accumulated up to 32 times more NADH than the wild-type strain. We propose that the accumulation of NADH causes a deregulation in the generation of the proton motive force (DeltamicroH(+)) in FBC5 producing the acidification.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Bacillus subtilis/growth & development/physiology, Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Biofilms/growth & development, Calcium Carbonate/metabolism, Crystallization, Electron-Transferring Flavoproteins/genetics/metabolism, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, NAD/metabolism, Protons, Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 15757
Depositing User: Massimiliano Marvasi
Date Deposited: 06 May 2015 09:59
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 02:29
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15757

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