Development and psychometric assessment of the basic resuscitation skills self-efficacy scale

Hernández-Padilla, José Manuel, Suthers, Fiona, Fernández-Sola, Cayetano and Granero-Molina, José (2016) Development and psychometric assessment of the basic resuscitation skills self-efficacy scale. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 15 (3). e10-e18. ISSN 1873-1953 (doi:10.1177/1474515114562130)

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Abstract

Background: Nurses are usually the first responders to an in-hospital cardiac arrest. As bystanders, nurses are expected to master some basic resuscitation skills. Self-efficacy levels are a key component in the acquisition of basic resuscitation skills.

Aim: To develop, test and validate a self-efficacy scale that accurately measures nursing students’ confidence levels in their capabilities when responding to a cardiac arrest.

Methods: This study enrolled a conveniently recruited sample of 768 nursing students from two different universities in Europe. The Basic Resuscitation Skills Self-Efficacy Scale (BRS-SES) was developed and its psychometrics established. Content validity, criterion validity, discriminant validity, and internal consistency were assessed. Performing item-analysis, principal component analysis and known group analysis evaluated construct validity.

Results: Principal component analysis revealed the three-subscale structure of the final 18-item BRS-SES. A Cronbach’s alpha of 0.96 for the overall measure demonstrated the internal consistency of the BRS-SES. Data also evidenced discriminant ability of the BRS-SES and known-group analysis showed its high sensitivity and specificity.

Conclusion: The BRS-SES showed good psychometric properties for measuring self-efficacy in basic resuscitation skills that nursing students, as future first responders to an in-hospital cardiac arrest, will be expected to master.

Implications for practice: The BRS-SES is a validated tool that could have a positive impact on the training of basic resuscitation skills and, therefore, on patients’ outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published online before print November 24, 2014
Research Areas: A. > School of Health and Education > Adult, Child and Midwifery
Item ID: 15519
Notes on copyright: Attached full text is an author accepted manuscript version of an article published in European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing; made available in this repository in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy. The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1474515114562130 by SAGE Publications Ltd.
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Depositing User: Jose Hernandez-Padilla
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 15:59
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 20:56
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15519

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