Information asymmetry and deception

Clots-Figueras, Irma and Hernán-González, Roberto and Kujal, Praveen (2015) Information asymmetry and deception. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 9 (109). ISSN 1662-5153

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Abstract

Situations such as an entrepreneur overstating a project’s value, or a superior choosing to under or overstate the gains from a project to a subordinate are common and may result in acts of deception. In this paper we modify the standard investment game in the economics literature to study the nature of deception. In this game a trustor (investor) can send a given amount of money to a trustee (or investee). The amount received is multiplied by a certain amount, k, and the investee then decides on how to divide the total amount received. In our modified game the information on the multiplier, k, is known only to the investee and she can send a nonbinding message to the investor regarding its value. We find that 66% of the investees send false messages with both under and over, statement being observed. Investors are naive and almost half of them believe the message received. We find greater lying when the distribution of the multiplier is unknown by the investors than when they know the distribution. Further, messages make beliefs about the multiplier more pessimistic when the investors know the distribution of the multiplier, while the opposite is true when they do not know the distribution.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > Business School > Economics
A. > Business School > Economics > Behavioural Economics group
Item ID: 15481
Notes on copyright: Yes, Golden Open Access "This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission."
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Depositing User: Bernadett Dunn
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 14:40
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:33
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15481

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