JBR: a reassessment of concept familiarity and a category-specific disorder for living things

Funnell, Elaine and De Mornay Davies, Paul (1996) JBR: a reassessment of concept familiarity and a category-specific disorder for living things. Neurocase, 2 (6). pp. 461-474. ISSN 1355-4794

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Abstract

JBR, a classic case of a category-specific disorder for living things reported by Warrington and Shallice (Brain 1984; 107: 829-54), was reassessed to establish whether differences in concept familiarity could account for his dlsorder. JBR’s ability to name and define living and non-living things deteriorated with decreasing levels of familiarity, but was significantly more impaired for living things in the low familiarity range; no category-specific effect was apparent for highly familiar items. Possible confounding effects arising from the greater visual complexlty and visual similarity of living things could not account for the findings. Further investigations showed that JBR’s disorder for living things could not be explained in terms
of a specific loss of visual feature knowledge. Normal controls also showed a disparity between their naming of living and non-living things rated equivalently for familiarity, indicating that JBR’s category disorder was not necessarily pathological in nature. It is suggested that concept familiarity remains the best predictor of
performance, but that present measures, which rate only the frequency of experience, appear to be relatively insensitive to differences in the familiarity of less common living and non-living things. In future, familiarity ratings which include the quality of experience might provide a more sensitive measure.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Language, Learning and Cognition group
Item ID: 15267
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Paul De Mornay davies
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2015 12:10
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:33
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15267

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