Insecure attachment style as a vulnerability factor for depression: recent findings in a community-based study of Malay single and married mothers.

Abdul Kadir, Nor Ba’yah and Bifulco, Antonia (2013) Insecure attachment style as a vulnerability factor for depression: recent findings in a community-based study of Malay single and married mothers. Psychiatry research, 210 (3). pp. 919-924. ISSN 1872-7123

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Abstract

The role of marital breakdown in women's mental health is of key concern in Malaysia and internationally. A cross-sectional questionnaire study of married and separated/divorced and widowed women examined insecure attachment style as an associated risk factor for depression among 1002 mothers in an urban community in Malaysia. A previous report replicated a UK-based vulnerability-provoking agent model of depression involving negative evaluation of self (NES) and negative elements in close relationships (NECRs) interacting with severe life events to model depression. This article reports on the additional contribution of insecure attachment style to the model using the Vulnerable Attachment Style Questionnaire (VASQ). The results showed that VASQ scores were highly correlated with NES, NECR and depression. A multiple regression analysis of depression with backward elimination found that VASQ scores had a significant additional effect. Group comparisons showed different risk patterns for single and married mothers. NES was the strongest risk factor for both groups, with the 'anxious style' subset of the VASQ being the best additional predictor for married mothers and the total VASQ score (general attachment insecurity) for single mothers. The findings indicate that attachment insecurity adds to a psychosocial vulnerability model of depression among mothers cross-culturally and is important in understanding and identifying risk.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Women; Mental health; Cross-cultural; Social disadvantage; Marital breakdown; Self-esteem
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS)
Item ID: 15240
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Antonia Bifulco
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 14:30
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 08:35
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/15240

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