The competitive advantage of nations: an application to academia

Harzing, Anne-Wil and Giroud, Axèle (2014) The competitive advantage of nations: an application to academia. Journal of Informetrics, 8 (1). pp. 29-42. ISSN 1751-1577

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Within the field of bibliometrics, there is sustained interest in how nations “compete” in terms of academic disciplines, and what determinants explain why countries may have a specific advantage in one discipline over another. However, this literature has not, to date, presented a comprehensive structured model that could be used in the interpretation of a country’s research profile and academic output. In this paper, we use frameworks from international business and economics to present such a model.

Our study makes four major contributions. First, we include a very wide range of countries and disciplines, explicitly including the Social Sciences, which unfortunately are excluded in most bibliometrics studies. Second, we apply theories of revealed comparative advantage and the competitive advantage of nations to academic disciplines. Third, we cluster our 34 countries into five different groups that have distinct combinations of revealed comparative advantage in five major disciplines. Finally, based on our empirical work and prior literature, we present an academic diamond that details factors likely to explain a country’s research profile and competitiveness in certain disciplines.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Revealed comparative advantage; Academic disciplines; Essential science indicators; Scientific productivity
Research Areas: A. > Business School > International Management and Innovation > International and Cross-cultural Management group
Item ID: 14502
Notes on copyright: 12 month embargo.
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Depositing User: Anne-Wil Harzing
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2015 10:08
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2018 05:43

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