Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions

Franco, Fabia and Swaine, Joel S. and Israni, Shweta and Zaborowska, Katarzyna A. and Kaloko, Fatmata and Kesavarajan, Indu and Majek, Joseph A. (2014) Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions. Psychology of Music, 42 (6). pp. 869-887. ISSN 0305-7356

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Abstract

Three experiments assessed the hypothesis that cognitive benefits associated with exposure to music only occur when the perceived emotion expression of the music and the participant’s affective state match. Experiment 1 revealed an affect-matching pattern modulated by gender when assessing high-arousal states of opposite valence (happy/angry) in an adult sample (n=94) in which mood classification was based on self-report, and affective valence in music was differentiated by mode and other expressive cues whilst keeping tempo constant (139 BPM). The affect-matching hypothesis was then tested in two experiments with children using a mood-induction procedure: Experiment 2 tested happy/angry emotions with, respectively, 3-5- (n=40) and 6-9-year-old (n=40) children, and Experiment 3 compared happy/sad emotions (i.e., states differing both for valence and arousal profiles) with 3-5-year-old children (n=40), using music pieces differentiated also by fast vs. slow tempo. While young children failed to discriminate systematically between fast tempo music conveying different emotions, they did display cognitive benefits from exposure to affect-matching music when both valence (e.g., mode) and arousal level (e.g., tempo) differentiated the musical excerpts, with no gender effects.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Language, Learning and Cognition group
Item ID: 13722
Notes on copyright: Fabia Franco, Joel S. Swaine, Shweta Israni, Katarzyna A. Zaborowska, Fatmata Kaloko, Indu Kesavarajan, Joseph A. Majek, Affect-matching music improves cognitive performance in adults and young children for both positive and negative emotions, Psychology of Music, Vol 42, Issue 6, pp. 869 - 887. Copyright © The Author(s) 2014. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
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Depositing User: Fabia Franco
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2014 10:53
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2018 20:16
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/13722

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