Exploring psychological abuse in childhood. I: developing a new interview scale

Moran, Patricia M. and Bifulco, Antonia and Ball, Caroline and Jacobs, Catherine and Benaim, Kate (2002) Exploring psychological abuse in childhood. I: developing a new interview scale. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 66 (Summer). pp. 213-240. ISSN 0025-9284

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Abstract

Definitions of psychological abuse are reviewed and a new definition proposed, operationalized as an extension of an existing measure of childhood, the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA). This semistructured, investigator-based interview is designed for use with adults to collect retrospective accounts of childhood adverse experience. The CECA extension identifies nine subtypes of psychological abuse, with a single global severity rating. The definition is clearly differentiated from other adverse experiences with emotionally abusive elements such as parental antipathy (hostile parenting), neglect, and role reversal. Examples are given. A community-based series of 301 women were interviewed using the extended CECA to gather a range of experiences of childhood maltreatment on which to devise the new measure. Interrater reliability was satisfactory, and several features of psychological abuse were examined, including its prevalence, frequency, and the characteristics of the abused child and perpetrator. The new scale is discussed in terms of its potential use not only by researchers but also by practitioners such as clinicians and social workers in the child protection field in order to more accurately identify and assess multiples of abuse in childhood. A companion article (Bifulco, Moran, Baines, Bunn, & Stanford, 2002) examines the relationship of psychological abuse to adult major depression.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Centre for Abuse and Trauma Studies (CATS)
Item ID: 12622
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Natasa Blagojevic-Stokic
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2014 10:51
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 08:57
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/12622

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