On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers

Garcia-Retamero, Rocio and Dhami, Mandeep K. (2013) On avoiding framing effects in experienced decision makers. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66 (4). pp. 829-842. ISSN 1747-0226 (doi:10.1080/17470218.2012.727836)

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Abstract

The present study aimed to (a) demonstrate the effect of positive–negative framing on experienced criminal justice decision makers, (b) examine the debiasing effect of visually structured risk messages, and (c) investigate whether risk perceptions mediate the debiasing effect of visual aids on decision making. In two phases, 60 senior police officers estimated the accuracy of a counterterrorism technique in identifying whether a known terror suspect poses an imminent danger and decided whether they would recommend the technique to policy makers. Officers also rated their confidence in this recommendation. When information about the effectiveness of the counterterrorism technique was presented in a numerical format, officers' perceptions of accuracy and recommendation decisions were susceptible to the framing effect: The technique was perceived to be more accurate and was more likely to be recommended when its effectiveness was presented in a positive than in a negative frame. However, when the information was represented visually using icon arrays, there were no such framing effects. Finally, perceptions of accuracy mediated the debiasing effect of visual aids on recommendation decisions. We offer potential explanations for the debiasing effect of visual aids and implications for communicating risk to experienced, professional decision makers.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Framing effect, Visual aids, Police, Risk perception, Decision making, Terrorism
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology > Forensic Psychology Research Group
A. > School of Science and Technology > Psychology
Item ID: 12193
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Depositing User: Users 3197 not found.
Date Deposited: 16 Oct 2013 10:07
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:29
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/12193

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