Design of distributed space-time block codes for relay networks

Vien, Quoc-Tuan (2009) Design of distributed space-time block codes for relay networks. Masters thesis, Kyung Hee University.

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Abstract

The fading effect often faced in wireless communications can cause severe attenuation in signal strength. To solve this problem, diversity techniques (in terms of spatial/time/frequency) have been considered. For example, spatial diversity can be achieved by using multiple antennas at the transmitter or the receiver or both. One important architecture that can efficiently exploit the multiple antennas is the space-time block coding (STBC). The realization of STBC requires more than one antenna at the transmitter. Unfortunately, the use of multiple antennas is not practical in many wireless devices due to the size limitation. Recently, the “cooperative diversity”, also known as “user diversity”, enables single-antenna mobiles in a multi-user environment to share their antennas and generate a virtual multiple-antenna transmitter that allows them to achieve transmit diversity. To apply concept of the STBC schemes to the cooperative communications, Laneman et al. suggest the use of “conventional” orthogonal STBC in a “distributed” fashion for practical implementation of user cooperation.

The pioneering works on distributed STBC (DSTBC) assume flat fading channels. This can be achieved by using multi-carrier techniques such as orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) to divide a whole spectrum into a set of narrower bands. Hence, the channel can be considered flat in each sub-band. However, for current wireless communications with single-carrier transmission, the frequency selective channels cannot be avoided. Thus, in this dissertation, I will consider the application of DSTBC to frequency selective fading channels.

In the first part of my thesis, I present a new design of DSTBC to achieve full rate transmission and channel decoupling property as in conventional STBC by using zero-padding (ZP). Several receiver techniques in frequency domain are studied for the signal detection of the proposed DSTBC. The extension from ZP to unique-word (UW) will be proposed in the second part. Exploiting the properties of the UW, I will present in the third part of my thesis a method of channel estimation for relay networks.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer and Communications Engineering
Item ID: 11675
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Quoc-Tuan Vien
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2013 09:43
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2019 18:17
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/11675

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