A recurrent quantum neural network model enhances the EEG signal for an improved brain-computer interface

Gandhi, Vaibhav and Arora, V and Behera, L. and Prasad, G. and Coyle, D. H. and McGinnity, T. M. (2011) A recurrent quantum neural network model enhances the EEG signal for an improved brain-computer interface. In: IET Seminar on Assisted Living 2011. IET Seminar Digests . Institution of Engineering and Technology, London, pp. 42-47. ISBN 9781849194693

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Abstract

The brain-computer interface (BCI) technology is a means of communication that allows individuals with severe movement disability to communicate with external assistive devices using the electroencephalogram (EEG) or other brain signals. The human mind and mental processes are inherently quantum in nature. It is therefore logical to investigate the possibility of designing new approaches to Brain-computer interface (BCI) with the amalgamation of quantum and classical approaches. This paper presents an intelligent information processing paradigm to enhance the raw electroencephalogram (EEG) data. A Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN) model using a non linear Schrodinger Wave Equation (SWE) is proposed here to filter the Motor Imagery (MI) based EEG signal of the BCI user. It is shown that if the potential field of the SWE is excited by the raw EEG data using a self-organized learning scheme, then the probability density function (pdf) associated with the EEG signal is transferred to the probability amplitude function which is the response of the SWE. In this scheme, the EEG data is encoded in terms of a particle like wave packet which helps to recover the EEG signal by denoising the raw data. Thus the filtered EEG signal is a wave packet which glides along and moves like a particle. This denoised EEG signal is then fed as an input to the feature extractor to obtain the Hjorth features. These features are then used to train a Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) classifier. It is shown that the accuracy of the classifier output over the training and the evaluation datasets using the filtered EEG is enhanced compared to that using the raw EEG signal for six of the nine subjects with a fixed set of parameters for all the subjects.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Proceedings of a meeting held 6 April 2011, London.
Keywords (uncontrolled): Feature extraction; signal denoising; signal classification; filtering theory; recurrent neural nets; learning (artificial intelligence); medical signal processing; probability; medical computing; electroencephalography; brain-computer interfaces
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Design Engineering and Mathematics
Item ID: 11516
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Vaibhav Gandhi
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2013 07:44
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:28
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/11516

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