Screening autoantibody profiles in systemic rheumatic disease with a diagnostic protein microarray that uses a filtration-assisted nanodot array luminometric immunoassay (NALIA)

McBride, Jeffrey D., Gabriel, Francis Guy, Fordham, John, Kolind, Torsten, Barcenas-Morales, Gabriela, Isenberg, David A., Swana, Marlene, Delves, Peter J., Lund, Torben, Cree, Ian A. and Roitt, Ivan (2008) Screening autoantibody profiles in systemic rheumatic disease with a diagnostic protein microarray that uses a filtration-assisted nanodot array luminometric immunoassay (NALIA). Clinical Chemistry, 54 (5). pp. 883-890. ISSN 0009-9147

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Abstract

Background: We developed a cost-efficient modular system for multiplex analysis of the multiple autoantibodies that characterize systemic rheumatoid diseases.

Methods: The nanodot array luminometric immunoassay (NALIA) system consists of conventional 96-well membrane-bottomed plates in which antigens or antibodies are adsorbed onto the underside of the membrane. Current arrays use a 5 × 5 format (25 dots/well), which allows 10 analytes to be measured in duplicate: double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), centromere protein B (CENP-B), PCNA, Sm, Sm ribonucleoprotein (Sm-RNP), U1-snRNP, Scl70, SSA/Ro, SSB/La, Jo-1, and controls. The test fluid, control sera, and subsequent reagents are drawn through the membrane. The captured analytes are quantified by monitoring chemiluminescence with a charge-coupled device (CCD) and analyzed with commercial array software.

Results: The assay can detect <20 × 103 IU/L of anti-dsDNA. The interwell CV was 10%–14%. There was an 83% concordance (κ = 0.56) between the NALIA results obtained for anti-dsDNA assayed by β-testing in a routine immunology diagnostic laboratory and the results obtained with a conventional ELISA reagent set. The concordance values for Ro, La, Sm, and RNP were 98% (κ, 0.92), 93% (κ, 0.41), 97% (κ, 0.62), and 97% (κ, 0.73), respectively.

Conclusion: The NALIA approach promises to provide a highly economical platform for a wide range of applications that require assays of multiple analytes. The degree of concordance of our results with a conventional reagent set was no less than that occurring between different commercial products. A sample of serum from a finger stick provides a volume sufficient to perform the array assay.

Item Type: Article
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences > Biomarkers for Cancer group
Item ID: 11256
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Devika Mohan
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2013 05:42
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:27
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/11256

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