Are motorways rational from slime mould's point of view?

Adamatzky, Andrew, Akl, Selim, Alonso-Sanz, Ramon, Van Dessel, Wesley, Ibrahim, Zuwairie, Ilachinski, Andrew, Jones, Jeff, Kayem, Anne V. D. M., Martínez, Genaro J., De Oliveira, Pedro, Prokopenko, Mikhail, Schubert, Theresa, Sloot, Peter, Strano, Emanuele and Yang, Xin-She ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8231-5556 (2013) Are motorways rational from slime mould's point of view? International Journal of Parallel, Emergent and Distributed Systems, 28 (3). pp. 230-248. ISSN 1744-5760

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Abstract

We analyse the results of our experimental laboratory approximation of motorway networks with slime mould Physarum polycephalum. Motorway networks of 14 geographical areas are considered: Australia, Africa, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Iberia, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, UK and USA. For each geographical entity, we represented major urban areas by oat flakes and inoculated the slime mould in a capital. After slime mould spanned all urban areas with a network of its protoplasmic tubes, we extracted a generalised Physarum graph from the network and compared the graphs with an abstract motorway graph using most common measures. The measures employed are the number of independent cycles, cohesion, shortest paths lengths, diameter, the Harary index and the Randić index. We obtained a series of intriguing results, and found that the slime mould approximates best of all the motorway graphs of Belgium, Canada and China, and that for all entities studied the best match between Physarum and motorway graphs is detected by the Randić index (molecular branching index).

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Transport networks; motorways; slime mould; unconventional computing
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Design Engineering and Mathematics
Item ID: 11194
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Depositing User: Teddy ~
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 04:57
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2019 13:07
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/11194

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