Cell assemblies for query expansion in information retrieval

Volpe, Isabel, Moreira, Viviane and Huyck, Christian R. (2011) Cell assemblies for query expansion in information retrieval. In: The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN 2011 - San Jose). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ), pp. 551-558. ISBN 9781424496358. (doi:10.1109/IJCNN.2011.6033269)

Abstract

One of the main tasks in Information Retrieval is to match a user query to the documents that are relevant for it. This matching is challenging because in many cases the keywords the user chooses will be different from the words the authors of the relevant documents have used. Throughout the years, many approaches have been proposed to deal with this problem. One of the most popular consists in expanding the query with related terms with the goal of retrieving more relevant documents. In this paper, we propose a new method in which a Cell Assembly model is applied for query expansion. Cell Assemblies are reverberating circuits of neurons that can persist long beyond the initial stimulus has ceased. They learn through Hebbian Learning rules and have been used to simulate the formation and the usage of human concepts. We adapted the Cell Assembly model to learn relationships between the terms in a document collection. These relationships are then used to augment the original queries. Our experiments use standard Information Retrieval test collections and show that some queries significantly improved their results with our technique.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Proceedings of a meeting held 31 July - 5 August 2011, San Jose, California, USA.
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science
A. > School of Science and Technology > Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence group
Item ID: 11136
Useful Links:
Depositing User: Teddy ~
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2013 11:51
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:27
URI: https://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/11136

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item