The spirit of capitalism? Immigration, religion and self-employment in early 20th century Canada

Minns, C. and Rizov, Marian (2005) The spirit of capitalism? Immigration, religion and self-employment in early 20th century Canada. Explorations in Economic History, 42 (2). pp. 259-261. ISSN 1090-2457

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Abstract

This paper examines self-employment in Canada at the beginning of the 20th century. Self-employment 100 years ago was associated with greater human capital and negatively related to earnings in employee occupations in the local district. We also find strong evidence of immigrant assimilation in self-employment and modest evidence of higher self-employment in enclaves with greater concentration of immigrants. An analysis of recent immigrants supports the hypothesis that liquidity constraints were an important determinant of self-employment. Christian affiliation had little impact on self-employment outcomes.

Item Type:Article
Research Areas:Middlesex University Schools and Centres > Business School > Economics and International Development
ID Code:1110
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Deposited On:16 Feb 2009 16:09
Last Modified:24 Nov 2014 14:00

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