Presence and fate of priority substances in domestic greywater treatment and reuse systems

Donner, Erica and Eriksson, Eva and Revitt, D. Mike and Scholes, Lian N. L. and Holten Lützhøft, Hans-Christian and Ledin, Anna (2010) Presence and fate of priority substances in domestic greywater treatment and reuse systems. Science of the Total Environment, 408 (12). pp. 2444-2451. ISSN 0048-9697

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Abstract

A wide range of household sources may potentially contribute to contaminant loads in domestic greywater. The ability of greywater treatment systems to act as emission control barriers for household micropollutants, thereby providing environmental benefits in addition to potable water savings, have not been fully explored. This paper investigates the sources, presence and potential fate of a selection of xenobiotic micropollutants in on-site greywater treatment systems. All of the investigated compounds are listed under the European Water Framework Directive as either "Priority Substances" (PS) or "Priority Hazardous Substances" (PHS). Significant knowledge gaps are identified. A wide range of potential treatment trains are available for greywater treatment and reuse but treatment efficiency data for priority substances and other micropollutants is very limited. Geochemical modelling indicates that PS/PHS removal during treatment is likely to be predominantly due to sludge/solid phase adsorption, with only minor contributions to the water phase. Many PS/PHS are resistant to biodegradation and as the majority of automated greywater treatment plants periodically discharge sludge to the municipal sewerage system, greywater treatment is unlikely to act as a comprehensive PS/PHS emission barrier. Hence, it is important to ensure that other source control options (e.g. eco-labeling, substance substitution, and regulatory controls) for household items continue to be pursued, in order that PS/PHS emissions from these sources are effectively reduced and/or phased out as required under the demands of the European Water Framework Directive.

Item Type: Article
Keywords (uncontrolled): Organic pollutants; Micropollutants; Water Framework Directive; Greywater; Priority substances; Sludge
Research Areas: A. > School of Science and Technology > Natural Sciences
Item ID: 10705
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Depositing User: Josie Joyce
Date Deposited: 30 May 2013 07:49
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2016 14:26
URI: http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/id/eprint/10705

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